Engineering is one of the most sought-after career options today. It is among the highest-paid professionals in the world, with an average salary of over INR 6.0 lakhs per year in India. According to The Hindu, India is going to have 12 million vacancies for engineering jobs in the next 5 years. There is an increase of 300% in hiring for engineering job roles in 2021-2022.
The future of engineering is constantly evolving as new technologies and industries emerge. Some of the most demanding engineering courses in future will likely focus on fields experiencing rapid growth and change, such as renewable energy, artificial intelligence, and biotechnology. These fields are expected to play a major role in shaping the world of the future and will require a new generation of engineers with specialised skills and knowledge.
Other most demanding engineering courses in future may focus on traditional fields experiencing a renewed emphasis on sustainability and efficiency, such as civil and mechanical engineering. Whatever the focus, future engineers will need to be adaptable, innovative, and able to work collaboratively to tackle the complex challenges of the 21st century.
India is home to over 7,000 engineering colleges, making it one of the largest producers of engineers in the world. It is also home to many global engineering and technology companies, including Tata, Infosys, and Wipro. So if you study engineering at a good college, you will be placed soon after graduation.
Here is everything you need to know about engineering, including what will be the most demanding engineering courses in future, which engineering has the highest demand in future, which engineering gives a high salary, and more.
Why is the Demand for Engineers So High?
In terms of growth, opportunities, and stability, the potential future scope of engineering is quite promising. Given the incredibly rapid advancements in science and technology, engineers must keep up with the latest advancements and match them to societal and business needs.
Freshers are expected to be in high demand, with those with one to five years of experience in particular. Engineers are being hired in a variety of jobs with a lot of scope, from project delivery to process performance, with a 300% increase in hiring in India between 2021 and 2022. According to the BLS, engineering opportunities are expected to grow 7% nationwide by 2026.
The rapid advancement of technology in the past few years is one of the main reasons behind the tremendous demand for engineers.
Different Types of Engineering
The different types of engineering are not just two or three but are many in numbers. Here are some of the major trending types mentioned below:
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Computer Engineering
- Agricultural Engineering
- Biomedical Engineering, and many more.
What Are the Fastest-growing Engineering Fields?
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Engineering
- Electronics and Computer Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
According to the above-mentioned criteria, here are some of the most demanding engineering courses in future:
Mechanical engineering is one of the most diverse and versatile engineering fields, and it is important in all aspects of human life. A Mechanical Engineer creates products by starting with an idea, establishing it into a functional prototype, conducting evaluation (structural, thermal, vibrational, static, dynamic, and so on), and then applying manufacturing technologies and production processes to achieve the required form and fit to perform the intended function.
In today’s time, mechanical engineers are in massive demand. The field is expected to grow by 7% by 2030. On average, about 20,200 candidates are hired in India every year. Career options after Mechanical Engineering are numerous. Some of these include:
- Mining Engineer
- Water Engineer
- Aerospace Engineer
- Mechanical Engineer
- Automotive Engineer
- CAD Technician
- Nuclear Engineer
According to AmbitionBox, the Mechanical Engineer’s salary in India goes up to ₹ 7.2 LPA.
Computer Science Engineering
Computer Science Engineering is a course that focuses on the design, execution, and management of information systems that use both software and hardware. A computer science professional is an expert in computation theory and the layout of computational systems. Electrical and electronics engineering, information technology, software engineering, and other disciplines benefit from computer science engineering.
According to reports by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), information technology jobs, including computer science and engineering, are estimated to grow by 15% by 2031, which is more than average. There are plenty of career opportunities after completing a Computer Science Engineering degree. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Software Developer
- Full Stack Software Developer
- Data Analyst
- Data Scientist
- Database Administrator
- Cyber Security Specialist
- Data Engineer
- Machine Learning Engineer
According to reports by the AmbitionBox, Computer Science Engineers’ salary goes up to ₹ 25.0 LPA in India.
Electronics and Computer Engineering
Electronics and Computer Engineering is the discipline of Electronics Engineering concerned with the effects of electrons in the construction of components, devices, systems, or equipment. Electrical engineering is primarily concerned with investigating and applying electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. The integration of electrical engineering and computer science to establish computer systems is known as electronics and computer engineering.
According to the US Bureau of Labour, the employment of electrical and electronics engineers is projected to grow by 7% by 2030. Career opportunities after completing Electronics and Computer Engineering degree or program are many. Here are a few of them mentioned:
- System control engineer
- software developer
- Electronic Design Engineer
- System Analyst
- software engineer
- Test Engineer
- power engineer
Reports by AmbitionBox state that the Electronics Engineer’s salary in India goes up to ₹ 6.6 LPA in India.
Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering that deals with the design, advancement, testing, and manufacturing of aircraft, spacecraft, and related equipment and systems. Traditionally, the field has concentrated on earth’s atmosphere and space flight issues, with two major and interlinked branches: aeronautical and astronautical engineering.
Employment opportunities for aerospace engineers are estimated to grow 6% by 2031, which is faster than average for all occupations. Here are some major career opportunities after completing an Aerospace Engineering degree:
- Mechanical Engineer
- Aircraft/Spacecraft Designer
- Data Processing Manager
- Military Aerospace Engineer
- Inspector and Compliance
The annual salary of an Aerospace Engineer goes up to ₹ 20 LPA.
Civil engineering refers to designing, developing, and maintaining both the constructed and naturally built environments using physical and scientific principles. Airports, bridges, buildings, canals, dams, pipelines, power plants, railways, roads, sewage systems, and other infrastructure are included.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, civil engineering employment opportunities are estimated to grow by 8.2% by 2030. Career opportunities after completing a Civil Engineering degree or program are plenty. Here are a few of them mentioned:
- Building control surveyor
- CAD technician
- Consulting civil engineer
- Contracting civil engineer
- Design Engineer
- Nuclear engineer
According to AmbitionBox, a Civil Engineer’s salary in India goes up to ₹ 6.6 LPA.
Chemical engineering is concerned with creating and manufacturing products via chemical processes. Designing equipment, systems, and processes for refining raw materials and mixing, compounding, and processing chemicals falls under this category.
According to the Better Business Bureau, job opportunities in Chemical Engineering by 2030 are expected to grow by 9%. Here are some major career opportunities after completing a Chemical Engineering degree.
- Chemical engineer
- Colour technologist
- Energy engineer
- Nuclear engineer
- Petroleum engineer
- Product/process development scientist
According to AmbitionBox, the Chemical Engineer’s salary in India goes up to ₹ 8.3 LPA.
Criteria to Choose the Most Demanding Engineering Courses in Future
As we know, the demand for engineers is rising exponentially, and so is the demand for students pursuing engineering degrees worldwide. Some major criteria students look for before choosing a particular engineering field are:
- High Salary
- International Opportunities
These are also the same criteria based on which we have listed the most demanding engineering courses in future below.
What is the Average Salary of an Engineer?
The average engineer salary in India is ₹ 8 lakhs per year. Entry-level positions start at ₹ 4 lakhs per year, while most experienced workers make up to ₹ 21 lakhs per year. For example, aerospace engineering salary in India is around ₹ 8 lakhs per year, while civil engineer salary goes up to ₹ 6.6 lakhs per year.
What to Do After Engineering?
There are a number of options that you can go for after your engineering degree. You can either land your desired job since there are several job opportunities or pursue further studies.
The best courses to take after engineering are those in software development, MBA, blockchain management, machine learning, data science, and digital marketing. These excellent courses are intended to meet global standards and provide students with subject expertise.
Job opportunities that you might want to choose from include Civil Engineer, Production Engineer, Automobile Engineer, Robotics Engineer, Chemical Engineer, Electronics & Communication Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Lecturer/Professor, etc.
BML Munjal University (BMU) – Producing Highly Competent & Futuristic Engineers
The world is rapidly changing, and engineers are at the forefront of much of it. Therefore, engineers must be crucial while being creative, curious, capable, and ready to deal with a constantly changing world. However, acquiring the proper skills and knowledge suitable for a great career in engineering required completing education in engineering from a reputable University such as BML Munjal University.
BMU aims to develop technically sound, socially responsible engineers who will grow into innovators and entrepreneurs capable of providing exceptional solutions. The University offer three major undergraduate engineering degree courses, which are:
- B.Tech Computer Science and Engineering
- B.Tech Mechanical Engineering
- B.Tech Electronics & Computer Engineering
BMU is one of the best universities in India that provides three trending degree courses. This will not only help students grow their careers but also help them land their desired job roles at top companies.
FAQs about Future-proof Engineering Courses
Which type of engineering is best for the future?
There are a number of trending and fast-growing engineering types: Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Engineering, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, Robotics Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, etc.
Which is the most demanded course in engineering?
The most demanded engineering courses include Computer Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Solar Engineering, Wind Energy Engineering, Nanotechnology, etc.
Which branch of engineering has more scope in future in India?
Some engineering branches that have more scope in the future in India include Computer Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and many more.
Which type of engineering has the highest salary?
Several types of engineering branches offer a high salary package, including Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Software Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, etc.
Which is the best engineering field for females in future?
In today’s time, women are present and working in every field. Some best engineering fields for females in future are IT and Computer science, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Biotechnology Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, etc.
What is Engineering?
Engineering is a field that focuses on problem-solving. Engineers design, assemble or manage the devices we use to communicate, as well as the procedures that manufacture our medicines, in today’s built environment and infrastructure.
Engineers can be found working on advanced prosthetics, developing new materials, researching the efficiency of the engine and alternative fuels, building bridges, or constructing clean water systems. They use maths and science to accomplish extraordinary things and find solutions to some of the world’s most difficult challenges, from satellites to cell membranes.
Why is Engineering Important?
Engineering is more than just construction, contrary to popular belief. It is also about assessing the office’s safety systems. It provides solutions to a wide variety of industries, including medicine, space, entertainment, transportation, and the environment.
Every innovation and its operation rely on engineering in some way. Engineers can work in offices, labs, or outside, depending on their responsibilities. Engineering and technology are inextricably linked, and it has aided in the advancement of various industries.
The advent of the Internet has greatly aided this cause. The engineers use all their engineering and industry knowledge to create magic. Some notable benefits of studying Engineering include the following:
- The opportunity to improve lives
- The opportunity to innovate
- Protecting the public and its interests
- A wide range of career options
- An elevated degree of trust
- Higher earning potential
- Safeguards against market forces