Even when human beings were not aware of electrical or electronic materials, electricity has existed. Long before any knowledge of electricity existed, people were aware of shocks from electric fish and the power of thunder. We all know how electricity got discovered by Benjamin Franklin and how it led to developing electrical devices around us.
Today, we can’t imagine a day without electricity. But, on the other hand, our lives will come to a haul if there’s a power cut. The tremendous need for this resource has led to the growth of the manufacturing of electrical devices and thus increased the need for professional electrical engineers. Suppose, you are a student who has always had been curious about the functioning of electrical appliances and has even gone to the length of opening electronic toys. In that case, there’s no doubt that electrical and electronics engineering is the right career choice for you. B. Tech courses are available in various colleges across India, where candidates can apply for these courses.
What is electrical engineering?
Electrical engineering deals with the study of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. To design electric circuits and equipment, electrical engineers are required. These engineers work in both large power plants as well in small hardware companies. Their job includes designing, manufacturing and operating power plants. Industrial machinery jobs also need engineers who can carry out these jobs efficiently.
Electrical Engineering has a wide range of specialities such as acoustics, speech, signal processing to electromagnetic compatibility, automobiles to vehicular technology, geoscience and remote sensing, laser and electro-optics, robotics, ultra-sonic, ferroelectrics and frequency control.
Electrical Engineering: Eligibility Criteria and Entrance Exams
Candidates can pursue Electrical Engineering at both graduate and postgraduate levels. There are a few eligibility criteria that a candidate has to fulfil, such as:
The candidates should be a pass out of 12th with PCM/PCMB subjects with at least 50% marks in aggregate from a recognized school or university or equivalent
To pursue Electrical Engineering at the postgraduate level, the candidate must have a degree in bachelors in technology in electrical engineering.
There are various electrical engineering entrance exams through which candidates can get admission to Bachelors of technology/BE/MTech (Electrical Engineering) programmes.
Let’s look at the career scope for the graduates of electrical or electronic engineering:
Micro Electrical Engineer: Microelectronics is a branch of electronics that focuses on designing small electronic parts like circuit boards, semiconductors, and microchips. This branch of engineering is required to design instruments of electronic, new biomedical, information technologies, aerospace devices, and systems. Therefore, these professionals will always be in demand since this industry will keep growing in the future.
Microelectronic engineers: These engineers are responsible for developing plans and building prototypes of electronic circuit chips, circuit boards, and semiconductors. This profession involves developing new designs, performing specialized tests, and recording and interpreting data on the performance of new models. Candidates who have a knack for designing should opt for this course.
Electrical Engineering: The key responsibilities of an electrical engineer include designing and maintaining large-scale electrical systems such as power transmission, motor control, utilizing electricity, and transmitting energy. These professionals design and develop new electrical systems and test equipment. They also design household appliances, telecommunication systems, lighting and wiring of buildings; hence these professionals will always be in-demand.
Telecommunications Engineer: Telecom engineers are entrusted with the responsibility of assessing new network technologies and conveying suggestions regarding integration. These professionals ensure network availability and provide necessary maintenance and support. They handle tasks like managing data such as voice, calls, text, and video over different modes of communication like an expert.
Electrical Design Engineer: To develop new electrical systems for various applications, electrical design engineers are required. These engineers are responsible for developing system specifications and layouts. This is a good career option for candidates who have done electrical engineering but they should possess strong communication, analytical, and problem-solving skills.
These were the various careers after a course in B.Tech, as there are various branches in engineering. Candidates seeking a career in electrical engineering can look to pursue an electrical or electronic engineering course. These professionals will always be in demand as the electrical and electronic industries will always be prospering.